Infants and children are susceptible to diaper rash because of their prolonged contact with diaper. Usually, it is seen as an intimidating condition for children but it is just normal, as almost every child has experienced it. If not given immediate action, diaper rash can lead to fungal infection, or worse, a skin disease. There had been several cases wherein babies experienced severe rashes due to lack of information among mothers. Fight diaper rash by knowing the causes as soon as it arrives.
The following are the causes of diaper rash every mother should know.
- Long contact with either feces or urine
Urine and feces are the most common causes of diaper rash. Once an infant had long exposure to feces and urine, diaper rash will arrive soon after. At first, the skin will irritate because of the moisture that come in contact with the baby’s sensitive skin. The moisture makes it more difficult to treat the irritation. The digestive enzymes present in the feces are also a factor for the diaper rash. According to studies, urine alone is not enough to cause the irritation but if the level of chemicals present in the urine of the infant is quite high and strong, this can worsen the situation leading to inflammation. Once the skin is irritated and inflamed, it can lead to a severe skin condition.
- Infant’s sensitive skin
There are a number of skin conditions on infants caused by their sensitive skin, such as Seborrheic dermatitis or eczema. With long day of exposure to diaper, this skin condition can even develop because of diaper rash. This must have an urgent solution since eczema may not only affect the skin in the diaper area but it can also affect other skin areas.
- Antibiotic use
Antibiotics are effective in killing bacteria but at times, they can also be the cause of diaper rash without you knowing it. Once an antibiotic is taken by the baby, there is a great possibility that the bacteria that maintains the growth of the yeast may reduce in number and result to diaper rash. The use of antibiotic among infants and babies should be minimized and is upon the prescription of a physician because it is a potential source of diarrhea that may get worse anytime. Even lactating or breastfeeding mothers taking antibiotics can increase the chances of their babies getting diaper rash. Therefore, as much as possible, mothers must keep an eye to anything that they take.
- Introduction to different food
As your baby grows, it is just right that you introduce him to new foods. When your baby starts to consume solid foods, their stool content can change. Most likely, it will cause diaper rash. Compared to the times that babies used to take only milk for survival, once they begin eating solid foods like those that adults used to eat, there will be an adverse effect to their stool, which leads to diaper rash. The change in your baby’s diet can potentially increase the stool’s frequency on the baby that makes diaper rash to gets worse. Breastfed babies can also develop diaper rash depending on the diet of the mother. Food eaten by the mother can affect the baby and may cause the development of the diaper rash.
- Abrasion from rubbing or friction
Due to friction, the protective layer of skin can weaken. The diaper area is more prone to moisture than other skin area that is exposed. In this case, if the skin is moist, it most likely susceptible to friction than when the skin is dry. The rubbing of the skin and the diaper, as well as regular cleaning and wiping of the diaper area can aid the penetration of irritating elements deeper into the skin. Wipe or clean the diaper area only, when necessary or when moisture started to develop. This is to prevent worse skin conditions.
- Allergic reaction of the skin to the chemicals in the diaper
Once you see red linear rashes across the belly of your baby, it is a negative indication that the baby is allergic to diaper. The allergic reaction in the skin from the diaper is caused by the chemical composition that made up the diaper. Usually, allergy only occurs once you change the diaper brand that you used to buy for your baby. Allergies can persist especially when you haven’t found the solution. In that case, you should immediately consult your baby’s physician for treatment.
- Manner of feeding
There are instances that babies tend to develop diaper rashes through the manner of feeding them. Studies show that bottle-fed babies develop more and severe diaper rashes than breastfed babies. The reason behind this is that breastfed babies have smaller volume of stools leading to lesser irritation in the skin.
In cases that your baby starts to develop the rashes, you should have a quick response to it before it gets worse. Your child’s skin condition is reliant on how well you take care of him/her. As soon as your child experience diaper rash, you should know how to counter it so that, by the time that your baby experienced it, you already have knowledge what causes it and about how to avoid those things.
Knowing the cause of diaper rash makes every mother ready for the possible occurrence of the rashes that can lead to worse skin condition to their babies. Initially, the rashes can appear like red spots or red line in the skin but later on, you will notice that there are small patches and big spots on the affected area. Most commonly, the symptoms for the diaper rash may also be the source for the diagnosis and even the treatment itself. Medication can help but as most of us always say, prevention is always better than cure. If you have knowledge about the causes of diaper rash, then you will be able to prevent it as early as possible. Diaper rash is a common problem to babies and with that; there is nothing to worry about as long as you know what to do.